Archaeology of urban planning, architecture, landscape and image.
Our knowledge of Tartessos is based mainly on isolated objects and on the necrópolis excavated in the past century, as well as some remains of the urban layout and walls that have barely given any information about the complex social system of this culture. All this information belongs to researches that lack an architectonic spatial analysis within the territory where the Tartesic culture was developed, the Southwest of the Iberian Peninsula, in a period characterized by the colonization of Phoenicians and Greeks, between the IX and the VI centuries BCE.
The main objective of this project is the characterization of the Tartesic material culture sensibly complemented by our actual knowledge through the architectonic study of public buildings excavated in the past two decades. Until this moment, only the layouts a have been studied and some interpretations of their function have been given, but lack an analysis of the architectonic model, limited almost exclusively to planimetric documentation. Therefore, we want to introduce the concept of architecture as an element integrated within a territory, at the same time that we consider it fundamental for the analysis of the perception that society had at the time of that architecture, as well as the impact of this architecture in the mentality of this society.
We postulate a new analytical system consisting in the study of the construction, the establishment of comparisons among this analysis and the interpretation of the results obtained. For this to be done, we want to unite traditional architectonic studies, the symbolic expression of these construction, and the environmental analysis of the territory where these constructions are located.
This new methodological model is susceptible of being applied to other cultural and chronological spheres, which means a high level of impact of this project. This proyect has a strong multidisciplinary character, though having a solid archaeologycal bases, derived from the need to tecnically analyze the constructive systems of this buildings, being able to manage the large amount of data obtained from aereal and LiDAR surveys, as well as studing the anthropological connotations of this phenomenon.